2-12-2023, 15:37

Acoa i opac aiipa Kapaeia

3aaca cep aeaiaa ca eapyca i aiipa Kapaeia 25 i 1984 . caa eiapea cpaa eapyca iapayp. Bei pyipaa aae, o a c o y cai paai opa, acaa paaypa, capca, aa, cica, pa, icopa i epaaa. aa caa, a aac 1996 . y Micy, caa ceae aao aey Kapaeia apa o acaa iaa oy acaa. e acai op Kapaeia pacy oa o a eapyca iy i o. 3aaac ca i paaae ee iceia aa cyei apacy oac opa eapyca iapayp accaicaa epy. Kai p o i aia pa aca e iaa cpaaaac oa opaci, ac cepi pia e e a iy cx. oa opa eac, e ycaa cye, cpa pocy aaa eapyca caacoaci, a cae cpe eiapa poi o paye icopi cya capaa axa cia y epy apy iiei, a pae o Kapaei pac ace a c i poe, i aii. aoa i a, Kapaei pai aapaa epaa caix opa a pycy, a, ai a, py aypac, oi i o aei-iceii. I opa, i aae Kapaei e cao eoe: yy aceia, y o ca ac e ypac aaaci, yacia oi o opa. Cep iceia iaa oi cya i ypy cpax ycix pxiia oaa aey. aiip Kapaei apaic 26 icaaa 1930 . y . Op ci pycaoaa oia. ac a y ayai caay pi, ac Apypy. Cp aya Kapaei apa y Op, a y a iaai aye Kiecaa yiepcia. 3a ac aya opa aaoa ypaica oa i ic e i e paici aaica. o o ac o apoiaa a iaac i apac oa, o iaa apoac oy poaa ay pcacaaa i aapica. ep 1954 a 1956 . paaa acaia y ceca oe eaa a Kiea, a 1956 a 1958 . aa y Op. 1960 . Kapaei co B iapayp, a 1962 . B cap ypc Mace i aaoa a oai oca i payca. 3 1962 . caa i paaa y Micy. ai Kapaeia epa yia Kapaeia cai ep, apyaa coa apaca aee 1951 . Bapa aa, o aap a aay apa eapycy oa caix opa, p ap a apc poa o, a e o xaa i ayai, pai coa, o epaaa, o e oa aaa o eapyca yypa e ae yyi. 1955 . y oi Kapaei ayiaa eiy aay pa eeapaa eapycaa epo, eaopiaa May, a o cea i ap opii epa (aoi ix acpoa): Maa ya (1958), Bpi epai (1960), Ma Iia (1969) i . c. yy (1986). ai Kapaeia, i c oa opac, ie ca paacaac, a acaa ia iaac a icopi i cyi ai iy i cyacac. Bep Kapaeia ei aca aa epaiaa oi opai poe. To pai epa Kapaeia a ap (1956), pcea aaiaoay ccay xoy, i 20- . XIX c. aica ep, o ia ep opa a cyaca eapyca oe, ac ao a e y Kpoci acai ae ppy. Kapaei capae o a a a ae, paae yaai, yo cae paaai pa c pai, e ei a pai ce aaoy aey, capa eapyci icap iyp, ai, i cca i aa. Xapapa acaa oe, o a epaxoi y coeacaiy aiy aei i aaaea aia apa a eapyci paya i ya caoy: eapyc, paac! e aya! T aia paya, He paci ca ace a, ya e, apaa, ca! Aa , a poa, He a!.. aipa i epy: Kaici a cei oai, Ha caoa I a ea Pycc a ace coa ae I coa aaa caoaa Mae pa aoi aa o ao. I ii aapy a yxy aa Maci aaoi, o, i ca, aaac pycao acpoi, aa ca a cax ax acpo aaa eapycaa coa. Kapaeia paa e oi oae xiae acpca, ae i o oi ap, pa o ce ypa pc aaoiy (1966): T caa a: yi Cap, e a oap, o i paca? c i ac, y ix, c. He aae ci ca! He aae e yia, o paci a cy apy, o c iypy aiia pcy ai, eapyc. po ep aaaea paai: o c y apoa ai / He aie aey apo. Aa yc Kapaeiaa ai aaaa iapaypi, icapi i ii yypi piici, i opa apoa aa opa cacyea o yaee icapx ae i epcaaa. Hapa, aaa pa acaa Baaay (1956) pacya ai a ca eaopi icap yxa, o i Maa. i ep ca opia Maa ya Cpo ai (1957), a cae ya a a ec cao aa i pacaae pa oe, yaac aa. Maei co oia ca ca oca oa a cpy aiy i aiy ce, i, aaaea aoix paax epa, epa yce aai icopi: I aia ao ia ai acoy paci . a pao paxoii apai Ha pai co apo, a pao caaa a yi I paca a pyiax a... Ae eapy aia ai Ha aepxi cpox ai. ai Kapaeia p c ecaaaci opa apoiaea ia paacaac, ayoea o yee i aca pa i eaopa opaac, poi a i apa aoa y cayi aoca poca, pao aepa ica, o poi e ei aa i ia, y epy apy, cpo eapyca iiei. pyi opi epa, Bpi epai, e e poi a cai ece a ep, i ae ea aa븢i, aa pa ay, ep, pcea yoa ape apaa a Hepi, o a Cya, yapc pai pa apaaa, ep pa papoi ap epoia ocxa o pixy Aoi cy, y i paa axi cyaca a, i aa paay ay Coa pa aaeac (1960). Acaia ia xo i oc caaa pa ai pa aoa aaaa paacaaa opia ea ep pa ipa pe Capaa Tpee yaa pe (1960), y i aap epaae cae paai a pox api acaa i aoix paax aapae o a iacae acpaae ao, ce e a cao co: ...Myi pe pi. Xo ai? aa ac, i? Ky paia ai ape? C! Mp! iy, aa pyi a o pix, I ix e c. I poca y aae. A ai e aa, I, pae, ac a ixix apax Caaaoe a-cicy oap. o paiyc, yi pe? yp y ap i opi ao, pai, ya poa xyca, aaa i, c, ae Iapa, yc ao e paye. Xia aai, oa? oc aea i aa pca aa epa ea oe, o ca oc pocae e aia iey aicae pa cycea yyp aap yoi eapyci e co. a ai paa ao, Kapaei a o paa acoae eca eapyci cee. Tpi a opi Kapaeia Ma Iia, aa ce apa 60-x, ai yo ayiaa p cae ao o paai op i aaa pya aeiaa i aa apiaaa paaica. He a eiapy aypac i ocex ox paaa, ep e cpaii Kapaeia ca ayaac cpoa epaa ao ix ya i epaa. I o oa, o aa i xapaap ox epa aa opia aaai api, i i pae e ce pa oe, o aap aac a ec. aa a epx caix epa, pai apy axae axoiac i apiaac, i aci ayoiai c oy opac a epx aax, a i ae, xo a acy aaa pacae i i coeacaiac oa oa ipi. He a aay opy aaiac, Kapaei ac iyc ae i apaaa cae c i, o o aaaa , aya iy pxiac i cia a caaa aaa acia eapyca aii M. aaoia. Tpa aa, aa, o Kapaei oc ai a caa acaa aoa. Hapa, y ep a a ao (1960), oa ip, aap aicae, aaa a xoi a o i apiae aa paay acaoy a aaya cppax poe. Ae op aaaea a acaa ia oe. Ayci epy acy aa aaiaaa epa i pe oi aoi pai, o pacpa o cyac: Kpoi e aaai aa, oa, a c, Byc xaai Cppa cx c. o pai ca ya, ai, o, e, aei pyi, yi iii o. a cao aaa, Bea xaeac . a a ac caa. . . . . . . . . . . . . Cpo y a. ep yaxoi y a 3 yp; y aii i poe Kapaeia aa oa piic, i aa aa a, eyoa, epaiaea aa opia epa . Koaca eci-a (1910), a aa epaa opia epa aaae ay aia ii aii Ma ap (1918), ay icy aa, cyacia aaoia i Koaca Aece apyo (1887-1920). Bep pa aaa opia pcea eiap cpaa eapyci ae, a i pyaa aia y capaa pi. aaa axi (1968), a aaac aaia pao Ko e iy yac i cac, a a a cix x, xo aiy aoa cep: Toi ac a yac oa epa. Ae c ay pe o ac, Kai c a i a epa, Kai apa o ac. Cxiac Kapaeia a epaaccaa i epaai icapx i cyacx a iaa oa cpa cpo pa: a ii e apiaac, pyi a a eax ea. a i o, a ape a i cy oa aaa a pa ep cppaiy (1965), e eaai pa ep cppai Iy pacae ciaa aa i ayaci. acyx paax aa y ia op aa: To ap acia aea. I xie cp 3 aaoa o apaa cae oaa, cppa i e, I pac, i ca eipy. Hy a, eipy, o a eaa pa acaa cyee ae. Bep apae pa y ac, o paia i xyc xaaa a aca pceaeaci cyac cee. poc, ii xapaap eaopx opaa ioi e aae ci e: icaa. c paai i oa i ia, a ecaax cy, a aceax, a coa yxix, a axpaax... A apa ae a a yai. He iec, op i, o aix. 3 aay i Capax pa a yi. I e. c e. Boc aeae oce a o... Boc ci... Boc ie... Boc p ax ea a pyi... ea ea py... ϒe apy a a cao. Ae aa a pacaea yo a cee, 3aae aaax cpo i apaix ao... 3ie aa a, yacoeaa pa ep cppaiy, acaa eaxoae, A iaa ace 3i. A iaa ae. Bei oa cix aa Kapaeia oe, o, aipa icapy, a aca aopy y, epaae e cyac ii aapa i paaa, apcia p e cyacy aac. cce ai a c a o cpo eapycix aa cai . Ciao. i e ae o op aapa ai a ii Ma Iia Kai aipae axae i Ia i Map, y ix ae o iiyaiaa opa a, a ao, ae e yacia y pae iaiai. ip epo x epa ac pacapaa axai, i opao xaa aaa ya (1962), poci iae acaicae ay cpa, paccai i pacapaai, aca cacac (ap., y aaii, 1964) a aix ox acoa, i acaa i aci axai, a, epapa, Kay, exoe, epaa i aaoi. ai a a Tapa pcea Kpy, xo i e ai aa, Kpci cae oaa oaa yi a paie ea A. Mieia (1798-1855). Kapaei, e e, aa ya caia a cy capax xapo Kpa i ae ix iee a aaai ca cao peaaa apoa, a oa a pyo aci epa Tap (1967-1968): pe Koa-apa, p apa pyi. ca i , o e io, He a eapycix yopa ciix, A aoi ap Hapoa cao. O, a aeac y x aax! O, i apy caa !.. Kp ac oa, ai i a ac Haai a, Ha apa i. opy cycea yypa acaa a aii Kapaeia cyae eapyci ap, i o ep ep ca opia Ma Iia eapyca ec (1968) ac apax i paaa-pox aaa a eaapaoa acaeae ae e o pa? aaaea coeacaia aa a ea epaci eapyci. ap i aoi opi epa Kapaeia, ayiaa acpoa 1986 ., ycp ei aaa i pacac aoi acae aa. paci, . c. yy a e opae credo aapa, oae paaae pa po i pae aa i pa oy aaac epa paia. o a eai o a ca aaca cepi Kapaei e ay capaaa axy p ao y pa oe, o o aae. ei cce ax paae apoi ep Pao po i ccp... (1979), y i aap apaoae ce aapicii aai-paaicai: ao aiy y o opa, ea, o o yy oa aa ai e a ci cee, , paci, y eapyci, i a o acaa acaoa. pa co c Kapaei ia o paa i apa ep, i a ay cy opiy. ep, aica o cepi aapa, aaae y ca Kapaeia i oy aoy epy: . c. yy. Tay, o a, pa, y oa poa, Tay, o cpa a paca 3a ce ip yxoix. Ai ao aicx i aaacoa eaaccox epa aa opia, aica pxy pae, y 1971 ., ae eay ay Aa xpcici oc a opaa. Aap ae, o i , i o cp e ai ie, e caai, o ia, i e cii, o poa a ac oi, apaoae ce i ix xy io capaa pi. Moa oi aaaa, xo aea a ae a opa pcacaa opaa, i e payee i ca caaci, i o x, xo e a o apoe. ep a (1984) aap paea a opaa pyca, eaxoaa ac a ao, a aoa po, i i ca, ype, oa po. Haipaea ia cica poia ai ep pao pyco cae ixy aiy i oc pacaoa aoa: I oe e a aox cpo, I oia a ca ia aoi Hy o ? Ta o oa i pyco. opaci Kapaeia aa yapy, i yaci poa ayp aa. Ba ceae ay oa ep Xa i ai (1984), i aa apoiaea a aa aii, copaa y aoi o oaa : Xa ia eapa-aia pa: ai aaa. Ma apa. xy, o apa e ae pa ai paa. e. Ae paa, o xae, Maa epayaci ca e i, o ai Paa epaaa aao. oac epa aa opia, e e, i i a oc cypa aa ca eapyci. Bep Cap ee (1984) aaea paai coai apy xa..., ac ao ie aicae papyxi, a o aye cap ee i yp, o axoa e oi cy: ee apye a po pa. / A ? i e aa a?. ep Ha eapyci o e (1980) aap apcoae apoy pay, apcia ce y ca pai, i aaae o a: I pa oe o e caae Poc ea y poa pae: Ha eapyci o e, I xa aey e. ai Kapaeia ea ae caia oa iapaypa ca, e eacpi i apiai opaai, oa cpciac i paaa, poa aipa apa i ia yaa a a, i yac aiaee, oe e o a iepa a p i aaapo. Haa pai aaa i co ieya oyi Kapaeia, oae oae ay icopi i, apa co, c oa pa yypy yy ca ya pai. Kapaei-paayp a ca aay ca opaci Kapaei pa ii iapc a c, a apai cepi o aa aica oca ox ec. Heaop pi ii ec i e ei i ao apiai oi opai. paaa caa Kapaeia (ai aiy yay capi ia) caaea i coax ec: aa a aicaa eaa, a ap apai cao poy paoi, xo i e i aica xpaaai apay (y apoei, apa, a poii Meea). Teeca M a Ciix Bipax (1959) epa a pacaea a cy eaa. epaia paa apox ex, aci cax, a pacaaa pa eac apaca pa axi 1941-1942 ., y p e axoic eaay a eiaa ca, opa cxaa cpo eapycix co. Ha e aoi yy apa y o ac, ai cao ca aaa xyaa pxoy eix ayaa. Kapaei apcia, o oa eca aia a aaa epai yco eapycaa apoa, a e eix acox e. op aap ae oca pox ioa i iy, aa, aa aaa iy oac epcaaa, y iy i apa ya Acicaa, y e ipaiaa, iaa i aaaa a cepi aaea, ae ao, xo ea capae apa i co a coi i; capiaa aicapa Kay i aaiaoaa cya Ap apaoia, p c ca aaoci paa, i caa; aa Eiiopa y, aaa ye, i acaa pai ce p apa, yay iy aay y cay T Kaa oy aaay aceaaiaoy ay Mapc. Ao ea aea yai e oi cya, ae acaa i caoaoaa Biapa, i ae aaa co capa ap paia. Hioi x epcaaa e ea ca a cae ia iypa, aa paa capa ayy apiy eapycaa apoa ae ac. p o ece e cae aci i aa iae eca aae aao, a, e e, apaa pi eaa. 1982 ., ai aaaac caoe apa i Kya, a acaea a ce icaa Tapa aa eaa eca Kapaeia, pceaa i i ai aa Kya, Kaca apox apai (1981). Xo a eca i a epaaa caa-iacoca a cai xapaap, a aaac aaca c, y o apai acyii acy aa i paaa oy yy. ea, aia i 3aaa aa ca i c Kya, y o ac apa, ָa, paa yc oi pae i poae. Heoa, i a Kapaei e po paaai paii aei i Kya. p ci , o ec epaaa ecpa. Ha aay XX c. y eapyci caac ae caa-aiae caoia, i aa a yceae, o ao a payi apo i, y epy apy, iie, aie ae co, iiya oac, pa o i ie aopa acy paee oca api: M a i. T i a ca ax ayax a aaoe. a . eae aa aaoe. M a i. o a i ye. a. o. He ye. ay cyxa aac. ya co oac. M a i. e, co? a. 3ay. A e? He ea. Ha apoax, y paapax, pao a poap, cpo a... e-ie ay. ϒeca yyea a ayeax aax Kya, i acaiae ae aaea o aocia aai i ae 3ya axoia-xaii, epaa aca 1863 . aei, o pcea oi op Kapaeia. ae acae e pa yaaea i aea ece. Aap y apcoae aa cyei i op caoa Kya, po ce eaop opa o o ii i opa, ai, paciaae o. Boa, o Kyaa aa ica a oca oe, i oae ae i e ao cax ax y Kac apox apai: ai axoi, apa, epaoae aa aa , o po ac eapyca oe ai pa ce, i ya y, o iie aia aa aeae apoy i e aa ai a ae o o. Hapa aap ye a co pao a opia ya eapyca (1891) . ayia, aao epx aapoa eapyca o. ϒeca aaaea ca pa apai, i o aa acei i epce aa. Kai acya epa ia aaeca, oac a ca ae aoi pai ayaoaa epa Kya My (1905): ... yy ! o y!. ϒecy Kaca apox apai apa i oa i a pa Kapaeia, a, aa, cy op yopa oaa aa ayaa caix cyaia a cix aceax ix yypa ca. Tp acai icap ec epy a iy eapyci. paepa Kacyc Kaiocaa (1838-1864), ei iaa cpy Kapaeia, pceaa eca Kacyc Kaioci: Cep i eipyac, epa epci o a aicaa 1963 . (yco o ec pa), a ep acaea a ce 1978- i ayiaaa 1980 . ei cce a eca cy a paa paaa Kaac a cpo ai (1965), y i pacaaea pa ac apai aca a ae Kaioci, a y ece aaa ca o paap. ee aaea a Mai븢e, y Bii i Ca-epypy. Kapaei y ca ecy oi capa icap iyp, ai, Kaioci, Mypa i pyci ap, a i ya epcaa (oac ix, aoe co aapa, ea paa cpo pax e) i aac ocai, i apa yci iy po, xop y acia paei. Hao pi cpo ix opa a op (yacaee eapyci), a cyae epa aaa e i aeae Kaiocaa a paai apa ec, ai paayp apcoae co opa caoa paepa. Kapaei acy iaa acpca aa븢 cix caaac aiaa aca, ai ce i ai a oa api acaa (ao o c Kaiocaa, ai, aea Mya paa i ic -a ei, i aipaa a oe, a cxii c a co o); a ya apca paaa eaop yi cpaaai epaaa acaa y pyi aa. Kapaei, e e, iyc aaa aa aix paia, apaioi, i ca caai i eaaai aai i ayi, i caix icpyx apa aap apcia eaaaac pai Kaiocaa i ox capaia iaa, a Mypaa acaaa ixae. Aoi aea aaea ca ca yaca pae: pay, ae opci aae, poi eapca Mypax, ca cao poy acaee aix ppci. Kaioci, xo i, e cye, epaia oca, acaa aae oi ay yapy i epa y oe, o pa e oi aaa, ae i ecia, a y a yx. oa apa paea a caix e acyi coai: a cae, ai aa yy? apye, xo, apye... Ka e ep, e ap ea poca a yci epaeaa pa o ... cai... e aa ypaca aci...
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