29-07-2020, 17:48

ia ap

apaic ia ap (iep eapai yoi) 4 icaaa (22 acpia a cap ci) 1887 oa cy a. To a apa, ai xae epaxoii a oe a a yy, y e apy ey, caa ae icei y ca aaipaii e caaapc ao . ci e o i a, i apo, i o, a pai. aa paaa apapo, ai aa. aa ya paaa i yy icei: y apapa acpi, acyxo a ae. a oepxy ay aa. o a yoa apapa, xaix acaia. a ac pao yce apoa-caci ii, i oi i ai. aa i a ey xpcaa ic. paaa aaac a. 1902 . acyi y acae yxacae yia, y 1905 co o. ea paaa aci apo. acy, ecepacay a. e aay y a a. a acaia pycix iceia pacaa, iiia, acaa, xaa, Tacoa, opaa, icapaa, cecaa aoia a ao y ii acix ca-apaa, axaea ix eac, iaea ii. a oi a ae ii co c. 1906 . o ipa ea aia ca-apaa apaiai aa a yypa-aceiy paoy cpo oai. coa ai ia co a o eac. ai 1906 oe acpaaa acyi y cicy acaiy ceiap, o e p pa -a aia eaeaci. c a oa cyaa o caaaya. a, acoia aac caaaya, a a, ap (a yoi) aae i ca ica. ia ep, aaai (a pyca oe), ii e paoeo, e ocaa. Taap xaii aicaae, acaia ep. e ca aap aya eae ypaae eaaaee. e aiaa o a ao acy, ay e apai a aey aa ia. o a 1908 . Ba caiax aa ao aa a aia pa ca cpae a eapycaoa ae: ep eapyci ep, paa aa ie, paii a e capa aaapyae paae. ai yp paa yc epapyac, i a ica a-eapycy aaoaa o aa. aica pae a-pacicy op aaaic e ypai, pci i yi. ix aaac ea yac, xo , iy, capac aa y ix ca ac xaae ay. aaicix epa aea eao eacpaa , y i ay i aciy cao aa. Ty, y aa ie, ap aia epai eapycix aa, aep epai i ya i ya oaca. axaea ii. a aea, ep axii ica a-eapycy. ap acae cae ep ay iy. cyei 1909 . y aee apyaa ep ep o. pcea y yay. Bep aica ceaia: ia ap. o a aee apyaa 1910 . ep e xiic, y , pcea yy oacy. aa oay i i ya i ya oaca aii cao ce i, ii aac pae, ye aaa ae. 19091912 aax ap e pa aia poae ca. oyax pao apye a apaax eapyci, i, pai, aii. paaa y apapx acpx Biaipa, aeca, a, ea ap, aa, ia, ica, aia, oia, apyca, apoi ycp oi i, aeae acp, papeca, a aaia paa o a aea oa . iceia, i paaca-aiaa ea. e a x apoa y oyax pa i aoy ea oi ap e apa cyi po ca: a a o ai, cp, o i a ca-apa pyxa. 1910 . paa cpai capa y iapaypa-paaci yp aaaya i caapai, i aae aa pyaic acoic ap. a oe (y pyo aoe) acoic ap. 1911 yc pyaicaa acoica aoe (a aa ooc a). aapa ia ap (a ceaiai ai i yi). acoic e aaa a eapyca oe Boa ya opi opa aax aapa. ae a ec ypo ye caia: acoic, apaa cao eacpaa pa aiai cpo poix ac, i eaopa cyei i iapaypa oa aax aa i iceia, y iy i e. Bco 1913 . ia ap pexa y epyp i ca paaa pepoa a aoe Bya. eca paaa y, p ec ecpao. ac aaae eacp aa paeapca aea paa, y pae aca i e pyaa cae ep oo ap yo poy, ec yea, oop o. pae e y paoe yypa-aceiaa aapca ae. y opae, paeapcae acpoe, ec aa eai-eapycai apaai ceao aa, caeiai pocy aaa coaci. 1915 . aiiaa oca. pa ec aya. 1916 . paaa y eapyci eaci aie, aa aey ia. 49 yapo, o i ce, 23 yap i aica iepa yoia paapa. ac aea apaa ay po ypaai eapycix pax ci. a aay 1917 . . ap ae co c eapyca caica paao. aoia a iapa e eaa pa. aac aca pai ca p y a e. eapyci eaci ai y caaiy apaa acae cai yaa y epapaci ae paox i caaix yaa. oa e aaea ac acpia pai, aep y paaca-ai i ii apaa. ac pae iy aac i iapaypa, i, acaia paaca-aia eaci. 1918 . capaap eapycaa aaaa aicapa p pae . eaop ac paye epy caey aey a eapyca oe ia. a oe, y acpiy, y ace p e (). axoi y ca po eapyca cei (). 30 ce aecy aaac VI aoa-axo aep, a a aea ea ayica api eapyci. o paa eaxo ae . pa aco paoa-cci caei pa eapyci. aai o . yoi. aica aiec (aixc) pa ae . paa, paaa ypay ay, a cyaci, e aoc. pa ei ec yay i pxiii paaa po () eapyci, y aaa paacoci e cap ci. apaac ioca-eapyca . aye a e capi aicai: api ci, ioe acyac, pyci ao i po, pi oe, o, ie, ao. eapyca e o. ei ac ( caaia 1919 .) ap ea paapa-yca i capaapo ae paca ap (apa). ea (y pei) 1919 . a apa aiiai caoia aipaoia y 14- apii a a poe, y 1920 epaee a axoa poy. Ty y oa ep paiic o aci yica-aiaapa. 1921 . epaexa y ic, e o oaci apaiaapa, ipaia, apaa i paacaa ea pacpic acaia poa. e () (31.12.19184.3.1919), aa y e () (10.1.19276.2.1929), e B (19201931). paaa paapa ae aea eapyc, acoica o, papa paaa aea i paaa apxia . aecia apoaa aicapa ace , ea eya (cy eapyca yyp). 1928 . apa aaia . 16.1.1931 apy븢a a coae paee aa-aapyica i aa-apaa iii, a e y aapx pyoax y (), a cy yi i apoi cpae paeapy aacii i acii eeai acaoa () ia ap a api. B() aepia y acaoy. ae, yia pacaey xapaapcy apapaiai aoa ayap i, aoae, pae caix aa, piy B() ai a pa o epaee y acaoy. e ioa e o epaeaa. 15 icaaa 1936 . ia ap apaa opaai . ica ype o opca aaai, ia ap ceopaa aaai i pai. ae cixia xop. epaee ai븢cy cixipy iy. aoe aia epcii, ap a ap ix 11.4.1937. a ix ecax co caayca. ia ap paiiaa paaca-paax aociax, a eaaaac aca, 15.10.1955. 1988 . aac oa aia paiia a acyac cacay aca. Ѹ ie ii apaa aa yi icy i ai; a oe ai, e apaic (y. . apca, 39), a acaa a oe icy (. apca, 30), e , ycaoe eap oi. Bopa . apaa acoe aicx opax oix eapycix acao. pa aaiapa capi eci a o co. epai pa
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