29-07-2020, 17:50

oca Bepac

oca Bepac (capaae i ia iia-Boi) apaiac 30 epac 1892 . y cy ey a paie, e cy e aa, aip apca apii o iii. i ai ii ii oy aoca aoe axoii opae, aa cao apoi, ai aocaa aey (ep oa). a, i i xei cei, caaiaaa. oa aapi a-ocy. p, aa iii i aoci, aop e eii aapa xoii, opa ea eapycy oy apcac yapax cai. I o iii e aa ce a aa ac apa, ai exa o a aa: ii!, ii y cce paai Biaa ca iocaa. a oi oa aa ia a-capaay pyac a caix apa, payea, o a c eapyca. a apaae ceaoy iapaypaa ycy ai o iii e ii . ca a a, i ai, oi i aai i a iei i aica pao. o iii aca pa ca y a aai iy oa a ap, i o ey, i opai, i iee. ac paci y aica cae paai. Ta apaaac yya iceia. ia caay yac iee, y paa aa oe. oe i po ypi: aapaii, ppo, iapayp. Byai aai co pyaic acoic oce y i ia aa cae ep iapayp paaai. ac paoa cepi ai ai aa pyic opa. ia paaa yoy paa iaii. cipaa a aipy apca apii apaa aoe axoa, a ea paa ya caa cye caapox aea, ae aoiac a aa pie, aa, o a a cao ya i e. o iaii ayac a eapycaa pyxy. iaic apaiaai opaeci ypo eapyca oai (), a oa a, epayci, caaaya: ye o, icopi, a cao pa. ypo aii eap, caii ec (apa, oaa xa apyc aaa), eii ecai a cy. e a aax aopa aociic ei pxia, aai i a ac ayix cp. ea yi a apacix aea i aio poy oy, a o aapi o, yic e ypaa e. ya ia, aopa a iiapa , aaa yac aa ia, icaa iii aey ii, caa icaa ep aey (ep ix apyaa 1911 . a ceaia ipo). a icaaac aaiai Iaa yeia, Baaa acoci, . aca. 1912 ., pac ao epypy, y ia eia a acya a paecapa-apoaa (y e o a aaic pae ca cxa), a opaa apaac Bii i ep epacyia apo pai aa i. ai ac aa iaii ia aexaa Bapay a ypc aapoia caaoca, B. acoci paa icaaa , apia i apaiai Bapacaa eapycaa ypa. ( ypo, i i, yai a e i aya iii). ypc ia iia aoa epa ca aaa I ycea a. a eac exa a pay aa a. Baa aa epapcia ce a yci ypca: po ao a ca xoii, i ia ai, ya a a, ayic ecy. ec a ppaa opaa, oae aceia aa aiac a o yeao. eaae . aca, caa e, caa: , aa ia, opa, o B y. c coi pao! Ta ia ayac caa y eapycaa . a paaaa aie Taapca oa axpa a. eci ae Taapca copa iei 1915 . e ap i pya y pae aapoi aao opi, ae pyi eao, e ca ay ay caoy a aa eapyca xaa aaaca y eapyca iiei. ia aaaa caoa, i pya, apaiaaa ypc eao, capaa ix pao ec (ai acpoi, paa iy). Ta ecy ia aaiac oii eapycii eai: aa ipao ye i oi ccpai, paaia ii . ( ii) i oa ao Baa, aicaa ayo, pae oia, . aci i acia aaoia. ai . oi aiy ec, ai ia i i pacaaac pa cpoca epaica. ia, ae caix paaax oiy aoc pxy aipy y yy. ica: ixa Ba ai aae cia! Toe, o poie i paii B yxi ac, oa aa yy eapyc. yyi a ye apao coi oa pai ai aae. pa acia aaoia oca Bepac aicaa ia, aca ipaii ai cai. apa, a aae, o aaoi ei i e i aaa, o -a ca xapo e oa ix e. ( cai a aoa . aaoi. 5 eca y ecy pyaaic aaoci). ecy . iia icaa ep, ipcii a aaa apcaa ceaia oca Bepac. ecy ia iia aicaa a i cae ipcii: Toi cy, yi i, acoa ea pcaai I. apaia. 1917 . ia iia paa e a ceeapyci ee paox, ccix i caaix eaa, a o capaapo. a ac caapa aea eaea eapyci. pyo aaie 1918 . a ai pyac poy aoy. ecy acac ei apai aae ai ap, pc, yic, aicap a cpaax aaaci ep eapyci ypae yoia. a o o e aaa. . apa 1920 . paccpai aaii. 1919 . y ii aia apaic c o, aop a i e ea cao ai. ia iia ca a aapy cao ea ia aocaa, aaaa y acaap. icaa ep, pcea aace aoy coy. 1922 . ii e ap. xoii aoc paa, a ia ai ca epaexaa Bi. a xoii a caiaa pa yc ca . Bii ia aaa paaa aiicpaapa y pai paaacix apca. a eciac a a Bieca, 12. Ty a o caaac oa yeia, aaiac paicaa Tapaeia ii eapycii eai. pay pai, ia iia aeaaac acaa aii i, acia i xapo epaa, aaaac paypayp aoy a epaay ia, aoa aep. acpoe a yiax a cea aa eapyca, cpo ix ixac aapa, o Boi i. Bi icai i acpoy, a a icaa ix po a cy. . aapa pca cae ep, caei, pi. x epa . iia aapaa e aa cai oa aey iy ai. aaaa ae ae opaa, o aopi ca yaci pyapi ei po a py e i aaaa oi aepa. ai aapa a a caoy, e eai ox a aaa cao . 1926 . ia apaac a oa Boia, aop paaa paapa y eapycix aeax, a o e aao pay aac a yiax. a po apa a poay xoia yii ao i y i yaa aoii (ep aic). pay paaacix aeax, oca Bepac pyaaa cae pae aica op eapycix acoicax: y cyi acoice a x i ya ya, y acoice o oi. a i ipcii-apai y, o, Beep , ci, aa, i, pi pcoc i. opiy paaa oci Bepac a aci (1985 .) y apoe a aa i iei ica: ip apai aapi a coeacai ep poe, y ix oa epaae e oi acpoi, ae poy, i aa a aiaa, acpoaaa, a ix apea i aeaae ca cea aaea yxoa aaaa, iieaa... ce paaai a cii ayi, ca ei aa, opa. eciec acpo oaci ix ae epa cycea ao pa 17-a oy. e eaopx (͸ay) paiaea ae a eae. ac oca Bepac cyaa ca caii opai a iapaypx eapax, i aiic Bii i o Taapca eapyca o (T), i o yi aa. i ai eap ac 12 pa 1927 . i pa o c aea poi acoicy o oi: 21 a y Bii y apo oe T eap aapa. a eap cyii: aa pceea, oca Bepac, ixac Baci, . apy, aay i i. Beap pai ei opae paae. yii o oca. ac papoy paa, ai ce paaaci ae i ap, ia Boi aaa aa acoic e apaa. Baaa o a pay 3-x ao, aca caay a acocaa yy aaoy 30 ox. o i x poax o aoea. apa e aapapy cypaoiai . aapa, . Baci, . oi- (ceai aa o), . poa (. apo), . i i. e ao icai apai caa oca Bepac e y . Boi. aai, i . Bepac icaa apai paeca, pcea xaaa e, ya i i aaa ppoy, a y iaa, acya e ope a iapai, aaxoa aeaaa pai yai, epa paci, axoa pai. acaoa aa ai aaai, ya a, oii pai aa acio, po ei i. apai, a ac paeca, iceia icaa ayoa-ayp apy a y ppo. x acoicax pyaaic i e ep e paac, o oaa ay a e i ppo, a acaa epaa ocix aa . aaia i . ca. acoic apcac ocexa cpo cox e, aop pcai cae aaai, ic. a poa e xaaa, i apaa epacaa xoi. y cy aecay, aai i a aa acoic e paeci i aac oa. ace . iia-Boi apaiaaa Bii apcae aapca aa aaa aa acoic eapyca op, y aop oaa pyaaic po apy apa, aapoia, apa a. aa yaa aa ypaicii ocii apai, ae apai, apci ocea, aia poa y. opi, a pae y cecaacaap acoice axa, paapa opi pyaaa cae apy ai apca aapoia, a oy ao, aaaa a ix ai. x acoicax a e apcaac ceaia . Bepac, a aicaac . Boiaa ao . B. 1924 . . iia aa eii eapyca-oca-paceca-aici aai coi. a ep aoa apay eapyci coia. Taaaca oca pa pxia acaiac a oaa a, py ay a oe, i po opa eapyci ao paci. ep coia oci Bepac iipaia pac, ai acoi, i i, axoia -pca aaa ii. Bapac pa oci Bepac apciae oe, o, ai aac aai coi ica, coia . Bepac aa y o ao. 1925 . ya ya cia aey a aa apa ia, y o ae: apa aaiaa coia oca Bepac apaaaa iy a aoa o pacii. i ia a aai coi c e-oca-ypaica-acoca-aici coi ya ox paci. ae iy ai aicai oae paci: e, e pace, oa i . . a c ae pacia: pacoa-o, caoa-o i . . apa, a ia ac acaea ca pa, 'ea ac pi aaea, i eapyca-ayoi ai aaea aaia. aaaa, a ap aic a a y ay iy. a a, a e aic. ia e a pyy i aa pyaic e ee aiy. eapyci e pox aix ipya e ii ap i ae eapycaa acoicy e, i cea iapayp. Tai ai paic a o yie ao i aapa. aa 1926 ., oca Bepac iapo aicaa aeia aai oo eapyci ap aap, e ce ai paa acaap apa, eapyci ep, ia eci pox aia , ap. y aeapa, poae coa paa oy ccy xay. oi epa II ycea ao a i ei i eapycaa pyxy. a yce apaiai i iiaa. Bieca eapyca iai caac ii iaii oca, cpaia ca caacoac. ao e o. . i . Boii paai ca xay yaa aoii yii eap i iix aapax a a ece. Ty o Boi eaii paoi ayaa iaiy xay, acai ca. 17 epac 1939 . y Bi aa poa pi, aaic ap. po eapycix ea i apaa . yei, . aoa, B. aaoi, . pi i. eapycae paacae aepa. ac epaa Bii Biecaa pa ypyaa ie paaaa oi eapyca paiai, papa o c a aei, a a, yo caea ie, . yei. aac ea ayai eapycae pxy aiac: paaaa oa B, eapyci aa ai, aaac aea. a ia o Boii pa yec apyac ac acaaic e y ay a paaca pa. 1945 . eapycae Bii aoa apa. . Boi aaac caa, aapoa, aaaa eapci paci. aae ac a paa Biaa Tyaa, a cya e, apaaaa aa e a op apcai ai. 1948 . paoa ap . Boi. aaic aop a i . iia-Boi a cao, iaaaci a e, yi a ce, i ccea iy y 1945 . 1956 . o ap eaaa pyc ao caicix aepo: 10 ao aae paa icaaa ai. 1961 . aac o ep y i oci Bepac. e ap aa acipa ecy pce ic, i iecix apxiax ipa ap a ca cepai. 40 ao ae, y 2001 ., . ic pacaa, a ac aica, o o aypxya a oyi oci Bepac. 12 acoicy aa i oi a 2001 . a apyaaa oa aaa oi aa pa ieyo, e . ic ia: ac pao aee pyaica i ii i, eapa, pa aaac a ax apacax. oa aoe yaa y ecioy a aapax, e a oca Bepac, aeia . aaoia, . oia, . aya, . acaa, . yi. coaci a acaica ac aae paai a eapyca yypa-paaca ie. a ica, cyoe a iy, y co ac apaci aa a 20-x, aay 30-x ao y Bii acoic e apaa. a po, apai ce, copa iceia i ypaica oca Bepac i cypaoiai e a. e y yap . ica oca Bepac caaa, o ayi e eapiaa cy. , capa, apo, acaapa, yy, yce ai e ai aaoi aaea, i a ea, axoa y ai eci pa ax eapycix ea i p oi a aaa ieyaa paa. a 'ee . ica, a ac ix eapycix iapaypaaa, iceia i, acaia, oai, a axoa aeaa cy xay (a paai aeii ao oci Bepac y iix aapax), oci Bepac epaiac. cy xay ypo ayic oci: oii, cy, iceii, yo, acai, yce, ay a apaa eapyca oa, iapaypa, icop. ep oci, oci, oci ai, oa, ic. a caaci i aaoci, ipo, e iyi , ica y ep, pcea icei, op apayi. oca Bepac pa ya, i ay oci a aep icai cae ai, pae. i aii ai cea, aao oy, pa aiaee eapya ace, pyoa pa eay aceaac i eaeay a oci Bepac, aopa axaaa a ia, aa, pca e, ae, aa ypiaa eapycaa epa ao XX c. acaaa oca Bepac caoa, opaa, aiii ai. Ta i aai ica pa e, ya apa. apa, aiip apaei iaic aai coia ao pacia i y ap a ox opa. icop . axaoci aiaic oca paea ii iia aa yaocaa, Byi yeia pacii aa cap y o yei yo eapcix a. a aace y cax ai aapaa poc pacaa pa acia aaoia. oca Bepac acaaac o ai aaea, aop acaica ea aa. aic pa . y, iia ., . ea, a o ei. I oca Bepac apaa aaaa, aaa apxi ap, apia ico I. yeia, . acaa, B. acocaa, . apa, ao, apa ai ia, ii iaeaa acy, acoic, aapaii. e ap ea pa eapyci apaci pyx, e ay aaa coaci a e aaaa i cia, i acy. i, iip a coa eca, ii e cy xay. acyc ipa aica y cy: a, ao, Ba ao i o oia, ay aaic, eai eapyc ai ai, ai paxoii a oaa oy. co xa ai iceii aiip apaei, paca apxya, op apayi, apca ei, aya i-aeaa, ec aa, acai . apai, B. apae, . yi, . yaa, B. ee, . pyo, yo-iapaypaa a aic, . aaei, . ic븢, B. aaa i. oca Bepac apoaa a ico, a o ipaac ix 600-700, aa a ic a e. I a ce ic a aaaa ei aypaa. ai paiaa ea, o e aicaa, icaa ic aao. aix aeia a cycpaaa eia. ey yapy a a caa a caco, yoce i iy cai aoy, e epaxoaa cae ao apxi. ace ypaai e aa o ( aa a e aypa), aac e aiaa cioa aaca, e ee aap i, acaia, eaeaa a. oca Bepac iaiac cyaca eapyca iapaypa, e iia c aaac oi iai. 70-80 . oca Bepac, e a co e ci ai, a icaa. paa ico, aop aai aa acy, icaa cai, pae ix pyaaic pox acoicax i aeax eapyci. po ix poeci ypo eapyca oai (aaoc), apa poa (opi pa o ͸a). aai pxoi ic a capx cpo i ax opaecix i ecix aco: a Ba ia-˸ci, a ai i, a acaa paicaa aa epi, oia cpa , a Biaa Tyaa. icai yci ea i. ep aoia (aa, capaapo) oci Bepac e o yei. epapyoa e pyaic, epaaapaoa cap i, poi i aoi ace (aci apoy cy xay o e a poca), aaa y aop apa. 1982 ., a 4 ec a cao 90-o, oca Bepac a pa a iceia . pia apace aaaic e eaa paaca aac a pay co ia acya eapycaa apacaa pyxy. a pe aii, aop pcyia a iei i oy o apyaa epaa capa eapyca icei pia apac , ae ica: ...y aoi a pa iceiy ocy Bepac... aeaec c o i o. I ae aaae e coy i ecapcy aaoy ci , xo yae ay iapaypy, yypy, yia apxi i y a. oa aa i, o ap ce ocy Bepac oi o e 90-o. Ta i xoaa aaa coai i ya: o ay paii? e ay i? aa a ae ae 'ea ea ep epai y pia apace x ax iapaapa, aa i paacix ea, ii a ie apa oe paaaa . Bepac: oi ix i ai aoca aa o caic oi, aa oi yoa, a a caa ii c i oe ix a. pa o aaiy ix ixo e aac ycoi. oi aix ai? oa ii, acoiaci oay cpae aa . Bepac aiaa iceiaa caycy paii eaop cp a py. ia axoa ai paea e cye . apaei, . aic, . ic. oa apyic, a ai yce apaaci epaaoe yce papa apep, . axaoci, pa apia y cpay . iei. 1985 . aea aa ycia aei opia oci Bepac aaci. i capa op pox apa: ep, aaai, ipa-iacoci apai (ipcii). cy a opia aica i iei, a apoi ipai apc a aa aac . aaei. a opa oci Bepac i ay apaciaa a pox, aa a aa i, eapycix ax, a cai a yc aa cao a. co xa aa i ya, i ya, aa ai ai, ai e aca acaaac aa. Boc y ay aiy cao a caa ap pai epa yx apax a eapyca i oca oe aaaaa ix cap aai, aic i aaic 1915 . a ea aa ia, a acaa ep, epaa epa oca o, ipcii (aca ix ie e pyaaac). ap pai ei opa epaa acpoi acai co xai: ixe ec ic, o ie, e apya ya ie... Bcyae paca i o... p e oi o, op o. a apoxpaoe pica: y (ay) 11 o. 7 V 1985 . oca Bepac cpaaa a apei, aca aeaa e. I oc e cap a aa ix paaa xapoa a oa yic a cpay, o e aiaic ixo aaex. aai ipa ap a Bieca eapyca iaii. pcai cae cai aca iaii . ypa-acoca, . eei, . yoi, . aaoi, . aoi, pcai aapaii, aceai a ayp i aai c. x apa aca ao B epa cpoa axaa icop aa caya ayaa ycao. ocy Bepac aeaai oi ieyi-eapyc: . acoca, . aoca, . aaa, . yoi, . aaoi, . ioi, . epiei, a ac aae: X. aaxoi, . a, B. x, . ao, . eci i. Ty, y co xa, ia i cap epy ie eapycy apaia, i ao pya pa. y aaapa apoa opaci a a aa apicpaa 1988 ., a ox epx apax apyaa ep oci Bepac e ac a yp. ca 1988 . oc Bepac coiac 96 ao. e a a-paeay a aa, aaa ca pa. a . aii, . apayi, . ei, . i-aeaa. . api i i. pcai ep, acai aai e app, eaae aa i. Ta, apa oca Bepac aaaac ape acyaaa pa, xa, pay ay, ioi e yaa i ca, i aci... oi a a oci Bepac i ii, a o aa pa ya a e apoaic ai a ice. ep, a 97- oe cao , a aaa cey i acyoa cpaia ci aa i aao acpoe. ocei 1989 . aa e apai e ca apacy apy, e i ce o pace o ia oapa. 13 pa 1990 . apa ca xaa. i a aa, i exa aai e, a ixo e cei. oc Bepac pa aap e caai. aepa oca Bepac 8 acpia 1991 . Bi aa eai pacx axoia eapycix ea: aiipa aa, iia ., paiaa xoia. e axoi oci Bepac cai capaa aieca eapy Bii. apac y e: cai, a, pacaii acax a Bii eapycix cyoa pa T, cai eapycica i. ecy pexai iceii, ayo, acai. o a oai opai, aaea, epac, ecy. ai ocii pyy aay pyax acya a y. ay, oa caa aaa xoia e-poa-ei cai cai , icap a o oa aicaa 1918 . axaai ocy Bepac a oiax y aapax oa aiai ai, ya ca. aoe a Boi ai oca Bepac, (cep app Bieyo) Bi, 2002
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