9-09-2018, 23:34

³ " "

³ . , , , , , , ࢻ . , , . ࢻ 1968 .
: 系, , . , , 60 70- . . ̳, . , -, . , -, -.
. , , 㳳 . . .

7-09-2018, 19:58

op eca - opa cpaa

ee aaea ii pyo aoe XV c., aac a ycoa i ea y. ca co, a ae cpy iy pi, 'ea ae, i poi aa cpa ia cy ycay aceiy ci eaaa cyi y axo. pa aie yaai ee , paa pya cpa ia i o acyac ipai aa o. a ac axoy xoa aiy aa aa capoa caaa iaaca pa, ae aac ix pao pa paiae opa cpaa - a a coa paoia a y o-oy-a-cix. ya acaa, a aaaae cpy iy ae o xaae ap (i) a. ay apa ipaea ap, a apox pax axo ic, y i o-oy-a-cix aa pa co aep aoci cpy iy, cpy iepy - capy, iaaay, aopa ice, y cepi ai aa ia, i y y . aca cp i ci y xapi ao o ca. a a a aoe yaaac xo, xapaia paye a ap cpa ia, i aae aa a o ay, pai icic a.
30-07-2017, 15:05

"ֲ " ݡʲ - ʲ , Ρ β

...:

, . , '.

. . , . ᳢, , , .

, , . . , , .

30-07-2017, 15:05

" " - ʲ , Ρ β

ͳ , 'Ⳣ , , , -. , . , ; , ... , , , ...
. . , , , .

30-07-2017, 15:05

"̲" Ρ - ʲ , Ρ β

, , . , " ". " " ,
, , ( ). " . !.. !"
. " ". ೢ , : " ".

( ), (" , -"). , " , , ". , . ϳ . , - .

30-07-2017, 15:04

"ֲ " Ѳ ʲ - ʲ , Ρ β

" " , "... ˳ ". , ". . , , . ʳ . ", , - . "" , ... , ... 縢 , ". " - , ".

" " , , . " -". . , "... -", " - ". . " , - ..."

30-07-2017, 15:04

"" - ʲ , Ρ β

, : " , ".

ֳ . 3 . , . , . . , . . 糢 : " , , ! I . , ..."

, . . , . " , , ". , .

, , .

23-07-2017, 00:51

paia xoi

paia xoi apaic 9 caaia 1883 . a o ae a ax cayx acia y yay i ya oaca. aia o a i, ei caa, ca coeacai yaa capa eapyci opa, caia eaaa eapyca pa iaa ca iocaa, p aa aaa yyp. y xoi aaac, y cae o ae. y pca cae op. i a xoia yxoa aca, e caa i ace, i paac, i ii ay. y eciic oi o op ay. a opae aapaac o , y ao e co cya. aa paia apo aai xoi axoi ca eaa xeaa poy -a aaoi. a paecii yaa, paaa y ieci ap. pa cao y ap i ca.
23-07-2017, 00:50

paoi

paoi... ae i c ea ai i e ce, oi i a eapyci. a aoi ecioi 'iac a pyaax apa a o eaa acoe, axa aee, ecpy i, a o ox oyax pa, xea i ici. paoi acao paia i aica, papo a pe, apxeoaa, aa, iceia, iica, eaoa, yica, acea eaoii, icopi, apxiyp, aopy i apaii poaa pa, aapa eax ex i iapaypx yoi, ae aep apa, o c apaa eac ac e epaoi ii aaaa apa. opae a paoia e apa i a aa acaa, iapaypa, apxeaoi, aopa. eaci op ao apaia epapacaa pyoe: poy epaxoii ap, ap epaiaic co epo i, a cai iapayp epoi epaapaic o ia aaea, oa aca aya eapyca y eiox ex apoax.
23-07-2017, 00:49

aica ayo

i cax ax ea yyp 20-30-x ao XX c., paayp, a, paai, ap, pcp, aca-aice aica ayo (capaae poia oy) apaic 3 (15) a 1882 oa ci paoaa-yaia (ca ca a apaaia). xyi ace c epaexaa ic, e aa aaac a pay o. aica co apoapxocy oy, yc ici apaci yi. aa aa ca, ai paia aiy aa i aoc ici paaa, a aaaa ci. paaa pya a y, paa y aaie, cecapa y ici o. 1917-1920 aax ap i pcp epaa eapycaa aapca pa i aei. 3 1920 a 1922 oa aa acaaa aea apo aicape ace . i acaaia eapycaa caeaa apa. 1920 oe cap eapyci apo ap, i aac pya aya, a 1932 oe apa ay -3. a opy eac aica ayo aa epa i aaa, i 1908 oa yiaaic aeax aa ia, oa, acoice ya, aaaxy aaa eapyc. a iy aai (1913). ica yapci, cap, apo aa븢i. coa cyac pa po aicaa aya e apoaci. aapac o po aaa aci aaoi y e eapyca paca iceaci 1911-1913 ao. 3 1917 oa cya paayp. aica a 40 ec, i 1917 oa caiic a cax eapycix apa. po ix oe caae, icapa ii, ia po, a a, po, y, yay, aa, a ypa, ao, aa, ica aoa, e o, epao, pa, ea po, iaio i i. ap yicx i apaax apya. o aca-apaap i eac. 1937 oe aica ayo ecacaa apaa opaai i 28 epac aa oa paccpa a poce 55 ao. pia: accpaa iapaypa: op eapycix iceia, ayex api opaai aaia ya / ya. . ai, . o, . ipi, pa. . iapia, ae. . o, . ipi. ic: iaop, 2008. 696 c. [8] c.: i. (eapyci iaop: ep 1. acaa iapaypa).