29-07-2020, 17:51

aiip aa

a aiip aa apaic 21 ce 1904 oa (3 cye 1905 oa) c ia yecaa aea ica yepi (ep yxaii pa ica oaci) y cca ci, y o o 9 e. ae ai epapaic ca yi, paiy ai. aiip aa co yiy oy, ayaaya ypc icy (1923), paaa acaia aaox aca. ac cy apii (1926-1927) capaapo yiaa cecaea, apaiaa a iapayp ypo, acay caaeac. a yao y iapaypae aae aa, yeia y o ep ee (icaa 1925). 1926 oa ep aaoa aa acaa pyya pcyiacix aeax i acoicax. a oe a o ep opi aii yi, ep oa pacy paac , cei ayi oi a pai, ya ycac. aii aiipa ai, aaa Bape e, aep aa i opaa ac aaa pac, apaa ci, ya caa-aaa i aa axpac, ii yae, axoi i aapae cae i op p, paaci i c ia. Bep aa aca epaai, y ix poaaoa aiic i o ac c oyi i xicai, i caa paicac, o aiaa aa a opaci, eia, caaa, cypia.... acaia e i aaa caic a aiipa ai a yaa, i ac apia aa ae. axaaac o apoa ipaa Bao ay (1934): aa xaae, ae, o epa ayicx a... aa y yay aa a aica ep cpa: pa paye cey. e a ea aaa... o e aoc ay, paae e, a yaa... oae e aoc eci ay a ca apoae . o op pae ce a ca aay. a i a o epai axaic e oi aii cyxa, epa ii aoiac ay cya y oix aeax a paie. ea a ae y ay aa i o pyci a . cee i cai cyei a pi eye pae , o ac icy 1936 oa, aopa pa ai caea aii, coa aai acai oyi aaoa eapycaa aa. a a ia apaa apa aiipy ay, i aa 1920-x ao, i oi i eapyci a, aiaaac pai-yapaapai iaaix xiax i ypya aaie. e c op payai e aiai aa: iae o co op epa o aix po... aiip aa ace a oi p opii epa yi (1926), Bpa ep (1932) i aac ye (1935), a acaa epaaci i ayiaa a eapyca oe op pycix iceia . axeea, . opaa, . oaxaa (paa ixi o), 26 icaaa 1936 oa aiip aa apaa opaai i acya a 10 ao oe. o cai caay aaep oa-aaa eepaca oaci, o y aeoi oaciipca oaci. aica yei, i paa i aa cy, pacaa y caix ycaiax pa yac ae aiipa ai, i aiy 1 ie 1940 oa, paya aea a. o a y oi 35 ao. pia: accpaa iapaypa: op eapycix iceia, ayex api opaai aaia ya / ya. . ai, . o, . ipi, pa. . iapia, ae. . o, . ipi. ic: iaop, 2008. 696 c. [8] c.: i. (eapyci iaop: ep 1. acaa iapaypa).
29-07-2020, 17:51

aiip yoa

aiip yoa apaic 15 ie 1900 oa c apoii, a ep axoia acaci pae Bieca oaci. o oa-Biecy acaiy ceiap (1918), acyi y acoci yiepci. aca caoia yoi aca eca xapca. Ta caic ce acai: o aa, paai yi, y 1915 oe, aac epa cycea a, exa eapyci, apa pay a ceaci ace. Ta a aaaac i c c'. e cpa aiipa yoi aeaa eapyci, i a ayaea a o epax i o ae acai apoai a paiy. acoci yiepci yoa e co. yci epai yoy i paaa, a aaaa c'i: acaia a Tye, y 19201921 aax cy y ocy, yeia y paaca ae. a a pyc acy, paaa iceapa eapycix o p apaae ace . ac aca aea eapyc, aa aac iapaypa paa, pxaa co ep opi epa poa, yc B iapayp icye i B. pycaa. ai iapaypa axaii yoy.
29-07-2020, 17:50

oca Bepac

oca Bepac (capaae i ia iia-Boi) apaiac 30 epac 1892 . y cy ey a paie, e cy e aa, aip apca apii o iii. i ai ii ii oy aoca aoe axoii opae, aa cao apoi, ai aocaa aey (ep oa). a, i i xei cei, caaiaaa. oa aapi a-ocy. p, aa iii i aoci, aop e eii aapa xoii, opa ea eapycy oy apcac yapax cai. I o iii e aa ce a aa ac apa, ai exa o a aa: ii!, ii y cce paai Biaa ca iocaa. a oi oa aa ia a-capaay pyac a caix apa, payea, o a c eapyca. a apaae ceaoy iapaypaa ycy ai o iii e ii . ca a a, i ai, oi i aai i a iei i aica pao. o iii aca pa ca y a aai iy oa a ap, i o ey, i opai, i iee. ac paci y aica cae paai. Ta apaaac yya iceia. ia caay yac iee, y paa aa oe. oe i po ypi: aapaii, ppo, iapayp. Byai aai co pyaic acoic oce y i ia aa cae ep iapayp paaai. ac paoa cepi ai ai aa pyic opa. ia paaa yoy paa iaii.
29-07-2020, 17:49

a oa

apaic o ixaai aioi, yy a a oa, y c yii, ep papa ya, 1 icaaa 1912 oa aoa cca ci. Byc yioca cio, e i aai a pyaic acoice "pae" i oa ceaee ep a cpo oa aioia. ac cioi a pa aaa a yi exiy, ae pe y aai cy cepaa. aoc co aaoci acaii ypc (1930), acyi a aoae aee icaa eexiya. 18 ao aa paoy eac acaia aaoa o c ipaia apycaa paa. e aia aepa apa y aya i ac exiya acyi a aoae aee iapaypa-iicaa aya pacaa acaiaa icya. epaexa y apai, ca aa eapycy oy i iapaypy coa oe. aoa yoa cpa acaa caacoa pa a cao. o aioi acaia axaic iapaypa, a coa eapycix, pycix acia, iai eapycix iica. icop aa, aaa ca a, ya a iax apaa, ia, apcaa, aocaa, Tapaeia. epa aoe 20-x ao ea i pa ep ceeapyci apc, i pa , i pa yae acae... Ta , 1930 oa, y ep pyy cai a ep ep oa aioia, i aica yac poia, a i ceaia oc Bipo. ixac o, i 30-x aax y apycy i paaa aey ayic, a ep aaoa aa iapayp aay Bca, e o ac pyaac i i oaa Baci Bia. a ac paa cycp i ac oa aieia ya oaca, Baci Bia, . aaao, ixac i opa oi, . ea, epyc poa, . apyo, o cpa axoa iceiae acpoe, cyaa ay opac. e 30- a i, cypi i caa ac: aaac aeia, pyic aco ccaa ay, axoii caici ppcii (aa oa a apoa pacyaa paaai, a a o ca a aap pao, a eaopaa, e i aiy). Tay i ep icaic aa, acpoai ocexi caeaa yaia.
29-07-2020, 17:49

˸ci

paai, yic, oaae, iapaypaae, paaca-ai e, aai ˸ci apaic 6 icaaa 1883 oa c iaaea a aoe ci c-apaaapa ia a ya oaca (ai acyc ieia aa poa ccpa a ˸cia). Byc ˸ci y aaeaca acaia ceiapi, co oapa-eepcae apacoe yia (e acaia o pa o), a ae a ae acaia apoa o (1902), paaa acaia. a c eea pyx cypa caapa, apaa i acya a aae acee iip (1911), y . ipc (pya yep), a aao, e aaic ece apyo. Ta 1912 oa i aa aaa iapaypa opac. aca ipca ay iy cae apcai, aaai, yic aai xapapi aai i apa ioi e ye e cao ieia, yia, eia, Tacoa?, pa c eapycaa apoa i o o. paaa ica ep. ci ˸ci pyc ac aca pai 1917 oa. y icy, ca a cax ecx yeia aaaa apa: ycyi y eapycy caicy paay (), y eapyci aa ai, paaa aey Boa eapyc (1917-1918), pa ye y pa 2-a ea eapycix aax apaia, apa cap Baaaa aia paa pa eapycix apaia, capa eapyci acaii ca, yeia y ai , yao y ca e a, 14 pa 1918 oa ap a . i apaiaapa eapyca ca-apaa api, ypca eapycaaca. epaa a eapycy aiec ayica api apa apca i ppxa eca. 1919-1920-x aax cypaoia y aeax o, eapyc, paaa a paa paaa eapyca o i xpcaa eapyca iapayp aa pia. 1921 oa ao a paaca-aia eaci i aa acpoic a eaaia i ayoa paoe: a ypc eapyca o , a eapcix ypcax, y eexiye. epx acaa eya eia y paoe Tpiaaia aicii, cya a aia aepi, aa cae yi i epaai aoca pop paaicy (1926). 1928 oa paae e eapyca aaii ay, pap cya ayoa o, y 1930 oe paa cap Tpiaaia aicii. Bxoi a o ayox apya a oe, icopi, iapayp (a paaic, oa oa i e ae, ai capacea eapyca o i iceca, a piii eapycaa paaicy, icop Biaa ca ioca-eapycaa, ia a pyaa y aicai xpoii xaa, apoa icop yypaa eapycaa apoa). iapaypaae i p ia a opax eapycix iceia i ayoa ec apya, acia apaa, ya oaca, ii apaa, . apcaa, aa epaia, a aoa, epapae a cyacy eapycy oy icy xy Bia yia-apieia, aicay a iya aop. Ba apyii a eapyca oe o i xiya oa paaa, aea, apaoi, iacic. aci api, apcia ae ˸cia-paaia, aa xapaap o opaci, aay aipy opaa-aix cpoa oae eae eapycaa , aaa o aa caaa iceia aae caea yy. e y aci api aic. aaa ca eapyca i a ˸cia aaa yci aapoae. 17 ie 1930 oa aac aay a aae (aca), y icei aexa apai cpaaae ciipca cc apoe, apaa opaai . o aiaaii a ee ii ae ae eapyci, aaii a aaia, cai 1931 oe a 5 ao y a, y a o 1933 oe pexaa c ( ˸ci aa ao iia . Baa ia), o ei pa apaac. 1934 oe icei aicaa, aa pya ic y e aoii. ˸cia aciac a pae, e ˸ci o yaaaa acaia y aaacy oy. ya y aoii a y pa, aoc epaexa y . yaa apaaca oaci. Boce 1937 oa ˸cii epaexai . apc, e ˸ci aa y exiye pycy oy i iapaypy i aica ca ao pay iacic pyca o eyia. 25 pe 1938 oa o o apaai i 1 pacaia 1940 oa paccpai. y a o 57 ao. pia: accpaa iapaypa: op eapycix iceia, ayex api opaai aaia ya / ya. . ai, . o, . ipi, pa. . iapia, ae. . o, . ipi. ic: iaop, 2008. 696 c. [8] c.: i. (eapyci iaop: ep 1. acaa iapaypa).
29-07-2020, 17:48

ia ap

apaic ia ap (iep eapai yoi) 4 icaaa (22 acpia a cap ci) 1887 oa cy a. To a apa, ai xae epaxoii a oe a a yy, y e apy ey, caa ae icei y ca aaipaii e caaapc ao . ci e o i a, i apo, i o, a pai. aa paaa apapo, ai aa. aa ya paaa i yy icei: y apapa acpi, acyxo a ae. a oepxy ay aa. o a yoa apapa, xaix acaia. a ac pao yce apoa-caci ii, i oi i ai. aa i a ey xpcaa ic. paaa aaac a. 1902 . acyi y acae yxacae yia, y 1905 co o. ea paaa aci apo. acy, ecepacay a. e aay y a a. a acaia pycix iceia pacaa, iiia, acaa, xaa, Tacoa, opaa, icapaa, cecaa aoia a ao y ii acix ca-apaa, axaea ix eac, iaea ii. a oi a ae ii co c. 1906 . o ipa ea aia ca-apaa apaiai aa a yypa-aceiy paoy cpo oai. coa ai ia co a o eac. ai 1906 oe acpaaa acyi y cicy acaiy ceiap, o e p pa -a aia eaeaci. c a oa cyaa o caaaya.
29-07-2020, 17:48

aica pao

aica pao... a i cpie XIX c. o opa oa a cix yax eapyc p aapoa pocaa y, a a, o paae aica pao (capaae i i apaoi) ca y ca p apoiaa pyxy. axoe oi apaa aii paoi, e apoac, pyci p . caa aa o capa apo aa, apo ycpo. Bcoi ya apoaa aa a aicaa pao po ac i oci iapaypaa. a acae ae: i apo ae oap aa aicaa pao cai ecpo. ii, aa eaapaoa a i apcia, o i o papae p iia. ioci ipia, ioci aa, ecpo i aai o oci, pyci i ae pyy. i ca aica pao paac: pa ao oi ca, xo a po o: xa e aa ia, xa y ii!. io paoi a eapyc. Ty (ca oa a ae) y 1823 oe apaic aica pao, y caay a aecci, a o a cie i aoe pa⸢ acoy acy . oi ec ao (1853-1862) aica pao pa y aapy apaa, o a apoe Bii a . Ty a acaa ayc cpo eapycaa aceia. a ay, . pao, aaa iapaypaae . pyep, capa cp eapyca i, i i pae e ioca-yca....
25-09-2016, 20:03

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25-09-2016, 20:00

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25-09-2016, 19:59

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